National Youth Parliament Association of Antigua and Barbuda’s (NYPAAB) Member of Parliament for the St. Peter Constituency, Chaneil Imhoff. (Photo contributed)

Modernising Antigua and Barbuda’s primitive mental health legislation is at the top of the docket for one young politician. The twin islands mental health laws when dusted, reveal that they have been established since 1957. At almost 27-years of age, Chaneil Imhoff has taken on the personal responsibility of advocating for what feels like uncharted territory while searching for the proper treatment in Antigua and Barbuda. The National Youth Parliament Association of Antigua and Barbuda’s (NYPAAB) Member of Parliament for the St. Peter Constituency had her first mental health emergency in 2019. She said that though doctors and nurses at the Mount St. Johns Medical Center did their best to assist, “the referral process itself was extremely lacking.” That sharpened Imhoff’s desire to improve the country’s mental health framework. Thus, using the NYPAAB as her platform, Imhoff developed a bill aimed at providing “for the promotion and protection of the rights of persons with mental illness, mental disorder, mental impairment or mental disability”- the Mental Health Act of 2019. The bill was tabled in a mock debate of the NYPAAB in September. One of the subjects covered in the piece of legislation is the establishment of a national psychological ethics council which would “be responsible for essentially raising awareness around mental health and mental health issues, ensuring that the standard of care in Antigua and Barbuda is raised for mental health patients and pretty much being the go-to source and advisors to the Ministry of Health,” Imhoff shared. She added that the aim is “ to ensure that across all sectors look through a mental health lens when making laws when dealing with patients and essentially trying to integrate mental health care with general physical health care at Mount St. Johns Medical Centre and our District clinics.” As far as the institutionalization of mental health patients is concerned, the aspiring politician said that the current act contains a lot of “inflammatory and archaic jargon” which stigmatizes mental health. Imhoff, who is also an award-winning entrepreneur, said that her Bill will encourage first aid training and sensitivity training for essential workers. The Bill which could metamorphize the mental health space of Antigua and Barbuda has already sent to some mental health practitioners who are forming the Antigua and Barbuda Association of Mental Health Counselors. Afterwards, “I am going to have a stakeholders meeting where mental health professionals and other stakeholders who would benefit from the bill can give me even further feedback so we could get it to a point where the next step after that would be to present it and hopefully get is passed so we can start the work that is absolutely necessary when it comes to mental health in Antigua and Barbuda,” Imhoff also revealed. Meanwhile, the young parliamentarian is assisting the country’s sole mental health hospital by donating food and conducting a toiletry drive. And in the long-term, she intends to “push for more investment and no just capital investment, not just cash investment alone.” “That is necessary 110 per cent but not just financial investment. Investing in terms of human resources as well, encouraging more persons to go into the field of psychology, into the field of psychiatry, into becoming mental health professionals and also ensuring that there is a framework for them to fit into when they come back here. “So, we actually have a proper mental health sector that you don’t have to worry about you or your family having a mental health emergency. That there is a proper referral system and that it is properly funded, properly maintained and the standard of care rises across the board,” she said passionately.

Laboratory studies show that toothpastes containing zinc or stannous and mouthwash formulas with cetylpyridinium chloride (CPC) neutralize the virus that causes COVID-19 by 99.9 per cent, according to Colgate-Palmolive Company. The studies are part of a Colgate research programme that includes clinical studies among infected people to assess the efficacy of oral care products in reducing the amount of the virus in the mouth, potentially slowing the transmission of the COVID-19 virus. In the laboratory studies -- the first to include toothpaste -- Colgate Total and Meridol toothpastes neutralized 99.9 per centof the virus after two minutes of contact. Colgate Plax and Colgate Total mouthwashes were similarly effective after 30 seconds. The studies, completed in October, were conducted in partnership with Rutgers New Jersey Medical School’s (NJMS) Public Health Research Institute and Regional Biosafety Laboratories. The results suggest that some toothpastes and mouthwashes may help reduce the spread of SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, by temporarily reducing the amount of virus in the mouth. The virus spreads through respiratory droplets or small particles produced when an infected person coughs, sneezes, sings, talks, or breathes, according to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. “We’re at the early stages of our clinical investigations, but our preliminary laboratory and clinical results are very promising,” said DrMaria Ryan, Colgate’s Chief Clinical Officer. “While brushing and rinsing are not a treatment or a way to fully protect an individual from infection, they may help to reduce transmission and slow the spread of the virus, supplementing the benefit we get from wearing masks, social distancing and frequent hand washing.” Said DrDavid Alland, Chief of Infectious Diseases and Director of the Center for COVID-19 Response and Pandemic Preparedness, who led the Rutgers NJMS study along with colleagues Drs. Pradeep Kumar and Riccardo Russo: “Given that saliva can contain amounts of virus that are comparable to that found in the nose and throat, it seems likely that SARS-CoV-2 virus originating in the mouth contributes to disease transmission, especially in persons with asymptomatic COVID-19, who are not coughing. This suggests that reducing virus in the mouth could help prevent transmission during the time that oral care products are active.” ]Concurrent to the laboratory study, Colgate sponsored a clinical study involving some 50 hospitalized subjects with COVID-19. This study demonstrated the ability of Colgate Total (with CPC and zinc), Colgate Peroxyl, and Colgate PerioGard mouthwashes to substantially reduce the amount of the virus in the mouth temporarily. The researchers plan to share their findings in December. Additional Colgate-supported clinical research studies on toothpaste and mouthwashes are in early stages at Rutgers, the Albert Einstein Institute in Sao Paulo, Brazil, and at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Adams School of Dentistry, with some 260 people with COVID-19 participating in these studies. “Colgate is collaborating with numerous investigators throughout the globe to conduct clinical research to explore the potential of oral care products to reduce oral viral loads as a risk reduction strategy,” DrRyan said. “We think oral care has a role to play in fighting the global pandemic, alongside other preventive measures.” Said DrMark Wolff, Morton Amsterdam Dean of Penn Dental Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania: “With this pandemic, the more we understand about the virus, the more effective we can be in fighting it, so I am excited to see the impressive research program Colgate has undertaken. We need to continue to take the precautions recommended by health authorities, and with these studies we may demonstrate an additional way to address the transmission of disease among people in close contact, particularly in dental practice. That would be an important advance.” Colgate said it is committed to leading in science and to ensuring that its products address health challenges and meet consumers’ needs.

New Zealand's Kane Williamson celebrates his double century during play on day two of the first cricket test between the West Indies and New Zealand in Hamilton, New Zealand, Friday, December 4, 2020. (Andrew Cornaga/Photosport via AP)

The second day of the first cricket Test between New Zealand and the West Indies belonged to Kane Williamson. The New Zealand captain, whose actions and decisions shaped the day, scored 251, his third double century and highest score in tests, before making an assertive declaration at 519-7 early in the final session. Williamson’s innings came to an end 14 runs before his declaration but he courteously waited for Kyle Jamieson to complete his maiden half century before calling his batsmen in at 4.25pm, with around 26 overs left in the day. At stumps the West Indies, depleted by minor injuries to batsman Darren Bravo and wicketkeeper Shane Dowrich, were 49 without loss. Bravo has a sprained ankle and Dowrich an injured hand. Openers Kraigg Braithwaite (20) and John Campbell (22) batted doggedly through the late afternoon to ensure the tourists went to stumps with all 10 wickets intact. Most of the day was a process of ticking off milestones for Williamson who steadily built his innings and played New Zealand into a more dominant position than it could have hoped when it lost the toss Thursday and was sent in. “After the day’s play yesterday and looking at the surface, we were pretty happy finishing with only a couple of wickets down because both teams were pretty keen to bowl first,” Williamson said. “There was a bit of movement there and a bit of fortune goes your way. “We were able to build those partnerships throughout the innings to get a really competitive first-innings total. But there’s a bit of work to do. The Hamilton wicket tends to keep flattening out so there’s a big job for the bowlers to do.” The West Indies bowlers produced a much better performance than on the first day when, perhaps over-excited by the chance to bowl on a pitch which blended into the outfield, they missed their lengths and allowed Williamson and Tom Latham to form a 154-run partnership for the second wicket. That allowed Williamson to reach 97 by stumps when New Zealand was 243-2. The bowlers were much more disciplined and effective Friday, keeping a fuller length and attacking off stump. They repeatedly deprived Williamson of his partners but the New Zealand captain remained impregnable and grew his own score and his team’s. When he was out for 251, caught on the boundary after having passed 250 for the first time with a six, New Zealand was 503-7 and Williamson had half that total. “For me it was important to try and make good decisions for a long period of time and I think that gives you the best chance,” Williamson said. “But there’s so much cricket left and that’s where our focus is at the moment.” Williamson’s innings was a feat of concentration and endurance. He came to the crease early, when New Zealand lost its first wicket after only four overs on the first day and with the pitch apparently providing dream conditions for fast bowlers. He batted for the remainder of that day and for much of the second, leaving his indelible imprint on the match. Resuming at 97, Williamson clipped a single then reached his century with a signature shot, rising up on his toes to punch a short ball from Kemar Roach to the boundary wide of point. He also reached his double century with a four from Roach’s bowling, this time from a cover drive, another of the characteristic shots that peppered his innings. Every element of his effort Friday bespoke Williamson’s extraordinary talent and nature. Most batsmen would have fretted to be just short of a century at stumps in a test match, likely would have slept uneasily that night. Williamson showed no signs of concern and resumed as if his innings had not been interupted by a long night of anticipation. Mostly he was patient and selective of the deliveries and shots he played. His century came from 224 balls, his 200 from 369 deliveries and after 556 minutes at the crease. Williamson allowed himself a little more freedom from that point, hitting two fours and a six off Roach who then appeared to have dismissed him next ball for 221. He was caught behind by stand-in keeper Shamarh Brooks but the television umpire ruled Roach had overstepped. Williamson hit a six from the ball before his eventual dismissal and was out attempting to repeat the shot.

In a photo provided by Triller, Mike Tyson throws a punch during the third round against Roy Jones Jr. in an exhibition boxing bout Saturday, November 28, 2020, in Los Angeles. (Photos: Joe Scarnici/Triller via AP)

Mike Tyson stepped through the ropes in his signature black trunks and heard the opening bell in a boxing ring for the first time in 15 years. The former heavyweight champion of the world traded lively punches with Roy Jones Jr. for eight entertaining rounds that ended with two middle-aged legends wearily hugging each other in mutual admiration. Their fight was only an exhibition, and it ended in a draw. But for Tyson, the experience evoked the joy and excitement he felt so long ago at the start of his boxing career — and it was likely the start of a new chapter in his epic life. “I'm happy I'm not knocked out," Tyson said. “I'll look better in the next one.” Tyson showed glimpses of his destructive prime Saturday night during the 54-year-old boxing icon's return to the ring against the 51-year-old Jones. Tyson had the most impactful punches, showing off versions of the footwork and combinations that made him the world's most feared fighter. After eight two-minute rounds, both Tyson and Jones emerged from Staples Center smiling and apparently healthy. “This is better than fighting for championships,” Tyson said of the heavyweight exhibition, which raised money for various charities. “We’re humanitarians now. We can do something good for the world. We've got to do this again.” Tyson's return to the ring for this show attracted international attention, and Iron Mike did his best to demonstrate his months of work to recapture a measure of the form that made him a legend to a generation of boxing fans. Tyson tagged Jones with body shots, head shots and a particularly nasty uppercut during a bout that was required by the California State Athletic Commission to be a reasonably safe, glorified sparring session. Tyson was exhausted two hours afterward, but also clearly energized as he recounted his emotions with his wife and team looking on. “I took my youth for granted,” Tyson said. “This event made me find out what I was really made of. ... My body feels splendid. I want to beat it up some more.” Tyson intends to fight in more exhibitions next year, perhaps heading to Monte Carlo next to challenge a European fighter. He didn't close the door on the possibility of a full-fledged comeback, although that would be many fights in the future. For one night, Tyson and Jones were back at the center of the sports world, and they reveled in it. “I'm happy to scratch that off my bucket list and move on with my life,” said Jones, the former four-division world champion widely considered the most skilled boxer of his generation. “He hit harder than I thought. Everything hurt. His hands hurt. His head hurts. Everything hurt when I made contact. He's an exceptional puncher still. He can do anything he wants next.” Neither fighter was deceived by the quality of the bout. While both came out throwing punches that evoked echoes of their glorious primes, they also tied up frequently on the inside, and their occasionally labored breathing could be heard on the microphones in the empty arena. Hip hop star Snoop Dogg's witty television commentary was among the loudest noises inside Staples, and he had a handful of zingers: “This is like two of my uncles fighting at the barbecue!” But Tyson and Jones were the headliners in the most improbable pay-per-view boxing event in years, engineered by social networking app Triller and featuring fights interspersed with hip hop performances in an empty arena. The event was derided as an anti-sporting spectacle by some critics, yet both Tyson and Jones appeared to handle themselves capably and safely. Their fans were clearly enthralled, with the show getting enormous traction on social media. Some of that success was due to the co-main event, in which YouTube star Jake Paul knocked out former NBA player Nate Robinson in the second round of Robinson's pro boxing debut. Paul, in his second pro fight, recorded three knockdowns against Robinson, the three-time NBA Slam Dunk contest champion, before an overhand right put Robinson flat on his face and apparently unconscious. But most of the fans tuned in to watch Tyson, many for the first time. Any boxing fan who came of age after Tyson retired from boxing in 2005 had never seen a live fight from the legendary figure — and within the bounds of this event, Tyson delivered. Tyson said he no longer had “the fighting guts or the heart” after he quit in a dismal loss to journeyman Peter McBride in his final bout. Finally free of his sport's relentless pressure, Tyson gradually straightened out his life, kicking a self-described drug addiction and eventually succeeding in acting, stage performance, charity work and even marijuana cultivation while settling into comfortable family life in Las Vegas with his third wife and their children. The idea of a boxing comeback seemed preposterous, but Tyson started toward this unlikely fight when he started doing 15 daily minutes on a treadmill a few years ago at his wife's urging in a bid to lose 100 pounds. The workouts soon became multi-hour affairs encompassing biking, running and finally punching as he regained a measure of his athletic prime through discipline and a vegan diet. Tyson posted a video of himself hitting pads on social media early in the coronavirus pandemic, and the overwhelming public response led to several lucrative offers for a ring comeback. With the chance to make money for himself and for charity, Tyson eventually agreed to take on Jones long after the chance of their dream matchup seemed dashed. Tyson and Jones negotiated with the California commission over the limitations of their bout, eventually arriving at eight two-minute rounds of hard sparring with only ceremonial judging and no official winner. The WBC still stepped in to award a ceremonial “Frontline Battle Belt” to both fighters.

Bermuda Health Minister Kim Wilson.

The Government of Bermuda will be introducing a wristband for travellers awaiting the results of their COVID-19 test. Bermudian Health Minister Kim Wilson made the announcement during a ministerial statement to the House of Assembly on Friday. She said after a summer and fall of relatively few but expected new cases of COVID-19 the resumption of commercial flights on July 1 presented opportunities for the importation of the virus. "As such, we are now experiencing a distinct increase in positive cases on the island. This is also expected because of the level of community transmission within countries where the majority of our travellers are coming from." She said to assist in the identification of travellers the government proposed to implement a "traveller wristband" to be worn by all those arriving on the island until they test out on Day 14 with a negative test result. "The Government is aware that not knowing who has travelled recently is causing some anxiety in the community. This can be allayed, to a certain extent, by requiring all travellers to wear the wristband. As each test day comes due, the testing team will check to ensure the traveller wristband has not been removed. This provides an easy way for businesses, for example, to know that it is a recent traveller who is patronising their establishment." She noted visitors to the island support hotels, restaurants, bars and taxis. "They participate in a variety of experiences and visit the diverse attractions the island has to offer. They rent minicars and mopeds and, in general, provide an invaluable boost to our local economy. In short, visitors support jobs." She reported the Health Ministry is reviewing the guidance provided to travellers arriving in Bermuda. She explained that as the incubation period for COVID-19 is between two and 14 days, the ministry developed "mobile quarantine" as a means by which newly-arriving travellers could be "free to roam" if they had both a negative pre-arrival test and a negative test on arrival at the airport. She pointed out theTen Tips for Mobile Quarantine During COVID-19states, for example, that travellers cannot attend events with large groups of people, they must stay away from crowded places and they need to exercise outside and not in a gym or with a sports team. As part of mobile quarantine, all travellers are required to be tested on Day 4, Day 8 and Day 14 of their stay. If a traveller does not have a negative pre-arrival test, that person has to quarantine until a Day 8 negative test result. "There has been considerable confusion regarding the mobile quarantine procedures. There is uncertainty in the community in terms of what is, and is not, allowed." She reported the Epidemiology and Surveillance Unit (ESU) has noted that an increasing number of travellers are testing positive on Day 4 and, to a lesser extent, Day 8 of their stay. "Some are symptomatic but others are not. ESU has also noted that an increasing share of the confirmed cases in Bermuda is due to local transmission." She said in an effort to minimise the potential to spread COVID-19, the ministry has developed a new "traveller continuum" that provides more clear direction to visiting and resident travellers during the first 14 days of their stay in, or return to, Bermuda. For those who have a negative pre-arrival test as well as a negative "on arrival" test at the airport, the new guidance clearly states those persons can: take public transport; dine outdoors or dine indoors only at the hotel where they are staying; go shopping; enjoy outdoor activities; and work remotely from home. These travellers, however, cannot: go to work and attend in-person meetings; participate in church services; dine indoors at restaurants not located in their hotel; go to a gym; attend a permitted large event or other events such as a house party, birthday party or funeral; or attend indoor events, generally. Wilson explained when those travellers have had a negative Day 4 test result, they can dine indoors, attend permitted outdoor large events, but still cannot go to a gym or play a contact sport. For those travellers without a pre-arrival test, they are tested on arrival at the airport and must remain in quarantine until receiving a negative Day 8 test result. After a negative Day 8 test result, all travellers can to go to work and attend meetings, go to school and daycare, enjoy the movies and attend church services. A negative Day 14 test result is required before any travellers can use a gym or play a contact sport. For travellers, the testing regime of "on arrival" and then additional testing through to Day 14 continues to apply. Wilson reported the new guidanceThe Traveller’s First 14 Dayswill be available online at later on Friday. She said that with government recognising that travellers, both visitors and residents, who despite their best intentions are likely to import the coronavirus, the Health Ministry developed a number of public health protocols to combat and minimise the possibility of infectious spread. She reported Bermuda has 278 confirmed COVID-19 cases, including two hospitalisations. "Although it may seem as if we are currently hitting a new peak, we must be reminded that in the month of April there were 82 cases confirmed. This compares with a total of 62 cases in November." Wilson said to safeguard the economic progress made, despite enormous and ongoing challenges, the ministry has reviewed the public health protocols in place to determine what must be done to, once again, "flatten the curve".

Le Barthélemy Hotel & Spa. Photo courtesy

A resort in St Barts has been included in a Forbes holiday gift guide article listing "The Most Luxe Hotel and Travel Buyout Deals." The list of deals includes theLe Barthélemy Hotel & Spa. "Private jet, private yacht, private pool — it doesn’t get much more luxurious than that. Guests who book the Ultimate Escapism package at this St Barts' gem arrive by private jet from Tradewind Aviation and can nestle right into their oceanfront suite. Days can be spent in the glorious Caribbean waters or lounging in the suite’s plunge pool, and guests also have access to a yacht for a sunset cruise." Potential travellers were reminded to book by January 1, 2021. According to the Le Barthélemy Hotel & Spa website, it is recognised as the number one resort in the Caribbean and among the Top 15 Best Resorts in the World by the readers of Condé Nast Traveler. The resort is located in Grand Cul de Sac on the northeastern coast of the island. The other deals were for locations in Kenya/Tanzania, Maldives, St Lucia, Ireland, Wyoming, Marrakesh, Anguilla, Dominican Republic, Sri Lanka, Thailand and Peru.